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GERMANS ETHNIC MINORITY IN JUGOSLAVIA


Book Title :

GERMAN  ETHNIC  MINORITY
NEIGHBOURS - HANGMANS - VICTIMS






Author: Slobodan Maričić
Editor: Connect & Media Marketing International, Belgrade
Direktor : Radivoj Vasić
Reviewer : Thomas Dewald,
Consultants: Prof. Heinz Neubacher, Frankfurt / Main and Elisabetha Koschar – Ristić, Captain JNA , Novi Sad
Front page: Author
Cover: Aleksandar Rakezić - "Zograf" , Pančevo
Lecturer / Corrector : Mirjana Mijatović
Research collaborator : Aleksandra Maričić
Printing & Graphics: "AŠ Delo" , Zemun
Pages : 241
Photos: 25
First edition: Jun 1995
Cataloging: CIP: NBS Beograd 323.15 (= 30) (497.1)
Id = 38867980
Copyright: Only by author


Thomas Dewald, reviewer of a book

....... This book is based on objective and factual aspects compiled collection of data and facts from the time of the Second World War. This testimony is for former generation, but particularly to younger generations, which often by incorrect facts have been led astray, after over fifty years, a true picture of the fateful, tragic and chaotic events of this time ......

... + Thomas Dewald came from a very prominent and wealthy family in Zemun. Before the war he was a member of the Communist Party of Yugoslavia (KPJ). In the period from 1940 to 1945 he first joined the SS Division “ Prinz Eugen “, and was then as a sub-officer in Hitlers SS bodyguard. As double agent was debunked from Gestapo and sentenced to death, then pardoned and deported to Auschwitz. In the end  of 1944, he was  recruited to the  “Brigade of Death” - "SS Storm Brigade Dirlewanger"  to the Eastern front. Mid - 1944 he ran in Belarus over to the Red Army. After the Second World War, in Yugoslavia, Dewald was a  high government functionary, lieutenant colonel JNA with several war’s ordens and awards.

Content:

I.
1.German settlement in the southern Slavic areas and jugoslav’s territories
2.Settled areas and size of the German national minority in Kingdom Yugoslavia
3.Social and cultural organizations and education German national minority in KJ
4.Social status and the proportion of German national minority in economic life in Kingdom Yugoslavia
5.Political organizations and activities by members of the German national minority
6.First national conflicts and the April war in Yugoslavia
II
1.German national minority in The Yugoslav War 1941 -1945, in the military and occupation units
2.Special activity of military and occupation units Germans national minority and the German Army, during the war and occupation in Yugoslavia
3.Reichs German and the Germans national minority in the Catholic Church in the Independent State of Croatia (NDH) during war in Yugoslavia
4.Germans national minority and Germans Army deserter in the Resistance movement and in the Jugoslav Peoples Liberation War

III.
1.Start of expulsion and  the April war

2.The Kapitualtion od Yugoslav Army and six days later
3.Expulsions, Exile and concentracion camps
4.Return home in Reich
IV
1.Activities of the German minority in the public, political and economic life after the Second World War in Jugoslavia
2.The German minority in Yugoslavia today
V.
1.Sources and footnote 
2.Annex

Book Summary

In larger number of Germans came in the first middle 18 Century in the southern Slavic areas Vojvodina and Slavonia . They settled mostly in the countryside down, and those who went to the cities, usually operated as a craftsman.

In the Kingdom of Yugoslavia , between I.st and II.nd W.War enjoyed the members of the German minority on the basis of the European Convention for the Protection of National Minorities of 1919 all Civil and Political Rights, including the right to vote belonged. Until the Second World War, the German Peoples had a correct relationship with the authorities and the local population in the Kingdom of Yugoslavia , except in the Drava-Banschaft.

With the takeover of power in Germany was also the ” culture Confederation “Kulturbund”, the umbrella organization of German minority , through its affiliates in Yugoslavia on its activities solely for the purposes of National Socialism. The ideology and Nazi-doctrine of the German people and widely Supremat felt on fertile ground and caused that the overwhelming majority of the German people, especially the youth declared as members of the Third Reich 

This evolved in the Kingdom of Yugoslavia , a numerically large, pronazi oriented Fifth Column, issued in April 1941 in the four-year fight against the country occurred in which their followers were born and lived. 40,000 Germans minority between 18 and 22 years joined voluntarily 1941 and 1942 in  the SS and other 40,000 were mobilized during the

war. This elite formations throughout Europe were notorious for their war crimes. A total included 90,000 male and female of the German minority were  in the former Kingdom of Yugoslavia members in the Wehrmacht and military associations in NDH, occupying army in Serbia and Quislingstate in Europe .

These units, especially the Waffen SS, fought everywhere in Yugoslavia against the Partisans had merciless executed revenge and the civilian population. Small number people of German national minority were in in the Resistance movement and in the Jugoslav Peoples Liberation War or standing on the side of the Jugoslav Peoples Liberation Army.

At the end of the war came the detained members of the Waffen SS and Wehrmacht solgers and other military associations in storage, a great deal of SS Unit’s members were killed from Partisans and Red Army .

The most popular Germans, the country had not left, and others those involved in the war had not participated events,  elderly people and children, were until 1948 in the approximately 80 camps in the whole of Yugoslavia .

The number of members of the German minority from the Kingdom of Yugoslavia , during the war died, is estimated at 100,000. Of these, 40,000 died in the uniform and solger’s death, and the rest is considered to be lost, came on the run around, was executed from Partisans and Red Army or died of disease in camps, hunger and exhaustion. 200,000 fled at the end of 1944 before the Red Army and the partisans of Yugoslavia .

According to official figures lived in mid-1953 in Yugoslavia , 62.000 Germans, the real figure, however, is estimated at over 75,000.

For the Voting and census in 1981 in Yugoslavia declared itself as 8.712 German’s and  1,402 Austrian’s national minority.

Goods to statistics from 1990 have five representatives in social communities were German.  Now fifty years after the Second World War and nearly three hundred years after its establishment in the territory of the former Yugoslavia  almost no German national minority anymore.

NOTE

All copyright only by Author.

Reprint , the photo or digital reproduction and Internet, demand the written permission of the author !
Book only in serbian

 

SOME COMMENT AND OPINION ABOUT THE BOOK

Notice : komputer translation from German

- Dr.Peter G. Gerlinghoff

10719 Berlin, Pariser Str.61

Tel.881.......... 

Dear Mr. Maricic!

Thank you for your letter. I want to assure you again that I am your search on the issue of the Danube German minority in high esteem. Naturally are issues of history and especially of course the national conflict over a long time controversial and the science breaks down only difficulty train. They have contributed a lot and should by untenable or partisan criticism not mistaken it can be.

To 26 September will be expected to be in Kragujevac, a symposium on the German-Serbian relations and you would like to take this opportunity to personally know. I also hope you an opportunity to invite Germany can.

Have you again many thanks. I greet you warmly.

Their

Peter Gerlinghoff

Berlin, 25-3 - 98

 

- IFS Information peace un solidarity 10667 Berlin, PO Box 1550

(www.glasnost. Com / ifs / European issue No. 6 (April 1997)

German-Serbian meeting / Nemacko-srpski susret

Common magazine project "Koraci - steps" Kragujevac / Berlin

Excerpt:

Presentations about study of Slobodan Maricic: "Germans nationals Minority in Yugoslavia" - "Neighbors - hangmans - victims ") Belgrade 1995, Anthology "Serbs over German ' and .....

........................................... Study of Slobodan Maricic bears the provocative title:

"The Germans Minority in Yugoslavia" - "Neighbors - Hangmans - Victims" Belgrade 1995, also be trying to break taboos and the blatant indoctrination in a particular kind of viewing history to overcome. This gives the reader basic information about the origins and social structure of the German Ethnic group, about their position in the Kingdom of Yugoslavia, the impact of Nazi Organization and foreign policy after 1933 and finally the inclusion of the Danube Germans minority in the fascist rule of the apparatus raehrend war. Well once again the atrocities of the SS Division Prinz Eugen, and other formations in which German minority ghastly crimes were involved. On this background, Maricic but also the revenge on the German people after the war in its worst on the whole explained. We have here probably the first presentation of the Serbian internment camp, where after 1944 a part of the German minority population (especially the elderly, women and children, it Maricic) brutal kild.

Maricic, the broad lines which in detail would make much criticism. So he sees minority rights alone by the Paris agreement fully guaranteed. Touched also strange that the otherwise qualified, the so-called author "Gothic Font (fracture) seem to be particularly pro-Nazi table and keeps them in the title is used, together with a nazi propaganda poster, which not point to Contact to the German minority.

But I would like to advantage of the invaluable work done by Maricic indicates. He is also the proportion of people on the German anti-fascist resistance struggle in Yugoslavia and we know the names of the German people who followed the partisans, in the battle-proven, high Awards and later in Yugoslavia took over important functions. Your number is specified with 2000, a part of them is named in a list. This documentation disproves the theory that the Minority People's the Germans in the SS forced recruiting no alternative remained. There was an alternative, but they apparently demanded as much of courage and insight, as only one of which could be raised, which is already in the earlier opposition to prevailing structures had practiced.

If these Germans, who in the ranks of the guerrilla struggle, the fate of their comrades people not able to better apply? How it stalls on the internment camps and the expulsion? These questions still await the answer. It seems that they use their later has not been worthwhile. For many, the name in German post-war Yugoslavia, a burden, some choose a new and abandoned it, in German folk observance. The tragedy of  Germans minority has many faces.

The findings are complemented by Maricic eyewitness reports that German national - usually communist or socialist orientation - from the beginning to the Yugoslav peoples Army included in all the formations involved, not only in-Thälmann Bataillion, for reasons of political optics temporarily won a special publicity . From there we also learn of how the German Corporal Josef Schulz from Wuppertal, which 1941 in Smederevska Palanka refused to participate in a shooting of hostages and to get himself punished with death was. This is just a case that has already earlier been carefully researched. ...............

Dr. Peter Gerlinghoff

 


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